Dizziness is an unsteadiness or loss of balance that may leave you feeling faint and lightheaded, or give you the sensation that the room is spinning. It is often caused by allergies, which cause a buildup of fluid in the middle ear that affects your balance and spatial perception.
Types of Dizziness
Inflammation in the middle ear, which is responsible for sending signals to your brain that help with balance and orientation, can cause dizziness. There are two distinct types of dizziness, each responsible for different sensations.
Lightheadedness is the feeling that you are going to faint. It produces muscle weakness, and is most often associated with a sudden drop in blood pressure. Vertigo is the sensation that either you or your environment is spinning. It’s a disturbing feeling for many, and can lead to nausea and vomiting. Vertigo is the result of a disruption in the balance and positioning systems of the body.
Allergies that cause dizziness include pollen (associated with hay fever), animal dander, mold, smoke, pollution, and dust mites.
Occasional episodes of dizziness are common, but if they recur frequently, seek medical attention in order to rule out anything serious. If you are experiencing a dizzy spell, sit or lie down, and refrain from potentially hazardous activities like driving or operating machinery.
Your doctor will examine you, and if allergies are suspected, give you a skin or blood test in order to confirm the diagnosis and identify the trigger.
Ideally, avoiding the allergen responsible for your dizziness is the best method of treating it, but this may not be possible. Drugs, including over-the-counter antihistamines, decongestants, nasal sprays, and pain relievers all provide immediate relief. Prescription medications or allergy shots may be your best bet if you are experiencing frequent bouts of dizziness due to allergies.